In 2016 South Africa exported US$76.4 billion, making it the 36th largest exporter in the world. The top exports are led by gems metals, which represent 16.2% of the total exports of South Africa, followed by vehicles, which account for 12.4%. With respect to import, in 2016 South Africa imported US$79.0 billion, making it the 36th largest importer in the world. The top imports are led by machinery which represent 13.7% of the total imports of South Africa, followed by mineral fuels including oil, which account for 13.4%. The major trading partners of South Africa are China, the United States, India, the United Kingdom and Germany.