Epec Global Information Service- Project Information-No. 7, 2020(中文版请见底部）
The German industry organization Fraunhofer Institute released the 2019 annual data on German power production, which shows that Germany's renewable energy power generation accounted for 46% of total power generation in 2019, an increase of 5.4 percentage points from 2018. This is the first time that Germany's renewable energy generation accounted for more than fossil energy.
Significant growth in renewable energy generation
Data from the Fraunhofer Institute show that in 2019, Germany's total power generation was 515.6 billion kWh. Among them, wind power generation reached 127.2 billion kWh, accounting for 24.67% of the total power generation; biomass power generation was 44.4 billion kWh, accounting for 8.5%; solar and hydropower generation were 46.5 billion and 19.2 billion kWh, respectively Reached 9% and 3.8%. The above-mentioned renewable energy power generation totaled approximately 237.4 billion kWh.
In contrast, the amount of fossil energy generation has fallen sharply. Fraunhofer Institute's statistics show that in 2019, Germany's coal-fired power generation will be 150.9 billion kWh, accounting for 29% of the country's total power generation, a 9% decrease from 2018. Among them, the net power generation of lignite was 102.2 billion kWh, a decrease of 22.3% compared to 2018; the net power generation of hard coal was 48.7 billion kWh, a decrease of 23.7 billion kWhover 2018, a decrease of 32.8%. With over 54.1 billion kWh of gas-fired power generation and a small amount of fuel oil and waste incineration power generation, the net power generation of German fossil fuels in 2019 is about 207 billion kWh, which is lower than that of renewable energy for the first time.
Great pressure on transformation
According to the "energy transition" plan proposed by the German federal government, by 2030, the proportion of renewable energy generation in Germany needs to reach 65%, and carbon emissions need to be reduced by 55% compared to 1990.
Although the proportion of renewable energy generation in Germany has further increased in 2019, and carbon emissions are also in the downward space, Patrick Greichen, head of the "Agora Energy Transformation" think tank and power market analyst, said that the current momentum of the expansion of wind power in Germany has slowed down significantly, and plans to completely withdraw from the development and utilization of nuclear power around 2022. Therefore, Germany's energy transition in the next 10 years will still face tremendous pressure.
In the nuclear power sector, Germany's "exit" steps are obvious. On December 31, 2019, the German power company EnBW announced that the Philippsburg 2 reactor, which has been operating continuously for 35 years, was officially offline. At this point, there are only six nuclear reactors in operation across Germany, and they are scheduled to shut down by 2022.
According to statistics from the Fraunhofer Institute, in 2019, Germany's nuclear power generation capacity was 71.1 billion kWh, accounting for 13.8% of the total power generation.
On the other hand, with the new German Renewable Energy Law officially implemented in 2017, the subsidy amount for wind power on-grid tariffs was changed from the initial unified formulation to the Federal Grid Agency's bidding determination, that is, different projects quoted their own prices, according to the winning bid price Confirm the amount of subsidies.
Changes in subsidy methods have led to a significant decline in German wind power, especially onshore wind power development. In the first half of 2019, Germany's new wind power installed capacity was only 290 MW, a sharp decline of about 80% year-on-year, reaching its lowest point in nearly 20 years. The relevant person in charge of the German Federal Wind Power Association, Erbes, revealed in an interview with the media that in 2019, the Federal Grid Agency conducted five biddingfor a total of 3,175 MW of wind power, but only 1,337 MW of the project was finalized.
Regarding whether the speed of renewable energy development can fill the power gap caused by the nuclear power exit, German Economy and Energy Minister Peter Altmaier publicly stated in early 2019 that Germany may still need to retain some coal-fired generating units until 2030 to offset the nuclear power decrease.
Source: International Energy Network
与此形成鲜明对比的是，化石能源发电量出现大幅下滑。Fraunhofer研究所统计结果表明，2019年，德国燃煤发电量为1509 亿千瓦时，占全国发电总量的29％，比2018年下降9个百分点。其中，褐煤净发电量为1022 亿千瓦时，比2018年下降了22.3％；硬煤净发电量为487亿千瓦时，比2018年减少了237亿千瓦时，降幅达32.8％。叠加541亿千万时的燃气发电和少量燃油及垃圾焚烧发电，2019年德国化石燃料的净发电量约为2070亿千瓦时，首次低于可再生能源发电量。
1. The information reprinted or sorted out by the global website of Epec.com comes from official public channels or indicated sources. We are committed to providing reasonable, accurate and complete information, but do not guarantee the reasonableness, accuracy and completeness of the information. We are not responsible for any loss or damage caused by unreasonable, inaccurate or omitted information.
2. Epec.com fully respects the intellectual property rights of original authors. We solemnly remind visitors: when reprinting or using the information on this website, please obey relevant laws and regulations of the People's Republic of China. This website does not take any responsibility in case of related intellectual property disputes or other disputes. At the same time, this website has independent intellectual property rights for the original information and website logo. If the intellectual property rights of this website are infringed , this website has the right to pursue legal responsibility.
3. The information services published on this website are only for the purpose of information reference, learning or communication, and do not represent the views of this website, nor constitute any sales suggestions.
4. If this website inadvertently infringes the intellectual property rights of others, please write or call to inform, and this website will adjust or delete immediately.
If you have questions or need further assistance, please email: email@example.com.